Guar gum is an original agrochemical processed from a bean called the cluster bean or guar bean. Specifically, it is a kind of polysaccharide or long chain of carbohydrate molecules bonded together. It is composed of two sugars called mannose and galactose.
In order to obtain guar gum, guar seeds are being husked, milled and screened.
Guar gum is soluble and can absorb the water and form a gel which thickens and binds the products together. It is applied in different industries as an emulsifier, thickener, stabilizer and plasticizer. Compared with other hydrocolloids it gives the cold water a rapid viscosity. In terms of nutrition speaking, it has low calories but is high in soluble fiber.
Guar gum is usually presented as a white or yellowish white powder and is nearly odorless.